Blackberry

Blackberry



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Blackberry is considered a subgenus of the genus Rubus, which belongs to the pink family. In middle latitudes, gardeners most often cultivate bushy blackberry (Rubus fruticosus), it is still very often called kumanika, and also blueberry blackberry (Rubus caesius) - in Ukraine called "ozhina". This plant is a close relative of the very useful raspberry, but it is not grown on an industrial scale in European countries. However, in America, blackberries are considered a very popular berry crop. Mexico is the world leader in blackberry cultivation, with all berries exported to Europe and America. In Russia, blackberries, as a rule, grow only in the wild; this culture is not very popular among gardeners. However, every year it becomes more and more popular, since the fruits of blackberries are healthier and tastier than raspberries.

Features of garden blackberries

Garden blackberry is a shrub or shrub vine. This plant has a very flexible stem shoot, on the surface of which there are many sharp thorns and a perennial rhizome. To date, breeders have obtained varieties that do not have thorns, they are consistently productive and resistant to diseases and pests. If there is a support next to the bush, then the height of its shoots can reach about 200 centimeters. Five to seven-part or triple pale green toothed leaf plates have pubescence on both the front and the seamy surface. During flowering, this plant is a honey plant. The diameter of the white flowers is about 30 mm, their opening is observed from June to August, and this completely depends on the climatic conditions of the region. Ripening of juicy fruits occurs in August, they are black, and there is a bloom of a bluish color on the surface.

How to plant a blackberry correctly. Blackberry care

Planting blackberries in open ground

What time to plant

Growing a blackberry is quite difficult, especially for an inexperienced gardener. However, the fruits of this culture are incredibly healthy and very tasty, so the efforts put into mastering the unusual blackberry agricultural technology will not be spent in vain. Experts advise planting blackberries in open ground in spring from the last days of April to the first - May after the soil warms up well. At the same time, autumn planting is not recommended for this crop. Blackberries prefer sunny locations that must be protected from gusts of wind. The fact is that the wind can damage the foliage and fruits of the plant, as well as interfere with normal pollination. It is recommended to choose a site for planting not on a flat area, but on the western or southern slope, in this case the plant will be protected from the north and east wind. Breathable, drained nutrient-rich loam is best suited for such a crop, and it can also be grown in sandy loam soil. If it is planted on carbonate soil, then the bush will lack iron and magnesium. Recommended soil acidity is pH 6.

Before proceeding with the direct planting of the plant, it is necessary to ensure that the soil meets all the agrotechnical requirements of the blackberry. It is recommended to start the preparation of the site in the autumn, it is necessary to remove all weeds from it, as well as to destroy pathogenic microorganisms and all pests. In the event that the garden soil is systematically fertilized, then fertilizing specifically for blackberries will be superfluous, since the overfed plant begins to actively increase the green mass, which negatively affects fruiting. However, if a different crop was grown on the site before the blackberry, then the soil can be severely depleted. In this regard, during the preparation of planting holes or furrows, the upper nutrient layer of the soil must be thrown aside. It must be combined with 10 kilograms of compost, manure or humus, 25 grams of potassium sulfate and 15 grams of superphosphate per 1 m2 plot. This soil mixture during planting of blackberries will need to fill its root system.

Planting blackberries in spring

If you want to grow a healthy strong blackberry that will bring a rich harvest, then you should not neglect any rule of agricultural technology of this crop. Special attention should be paid to the acquisition of a seedling. It is recommended to buy seedlings from proven or reputable nurseries. You need to choose annual seedlings that have a well-developed root system, 2 stems, the diameter of which should be more than 5 mm, and most importantly, pay attention to the fact that there must be a formed bud on the roots. The width, as well as the depth of the planting hole, directly depends on the age and quality of the seedling. When choosing a site for a blackberry, it should be borne in mind that from it to any other garden plant or building there should be at least 100 centimeters, and if possible more. The distance between the plants themselves directly depends on the cultivation method (bush or tape) and on the ability of the variety to shoot. If a bush planting method is used, then in one planting hole it is necessary to plant 2 or 3 seedlings at once, which have a low level of shoot formation, and the layout of the holes should be 180x180 centimeters. Most often, the strip method of planting blackberries is used for varieties with enhanced shoot formation. In this case, the planting of plants is carried out in a furrow in a continuous chain, while a distance of 100 cm is observed between the seedlings, and the row spacing should be equal to 200-250 cm.

The plant is placed in a groove or hole, and then its roots are carefully straightened, directing them in different directions. Then the root system should be sprinkled with nutritious soil mixture (see composition above) in such a way that the bud located at the base of the shoot is 20–30 mm buried in the soil. It should also be taken into account that the hole or furrow should not be filled up to the level of the surface of the site. It is necessary that a semblance of a recess or a hollow remains, while its surface should be several centimeters below the level of the site. In this case, snow, melt or rainwater will accumulate in the resulting hollows or recesses, which will significantly reduce the number of irrigations. Near the planted plants, the soil must be tamped, then watered using 3–6 liters of water per 1 bush. After the liquid is completely absorbed into the soil, the surface of the holes or hollows should be covered with a layer of mulch (manure or peat compost). The planted seedlings must be shortened to a height of 20 centimeters above the surface of the site, while the fruit branches must be cut off completely.

Blackberry care

When growing blackberries in your garden area, you should be prepared for the fact that it needs to be systematically watered, loosened the surface of the earth, remove weeds (if the site was not covered with mulch), feed, cut and form bushes. Blackberries also need to be treated with various drugs in order to prevent or treat diseases and various pests. Until an inexperienced gardener masters all the tricks of growing blackberries, it will be quite difficult for him. But if there is a desire to grow a strong and healthy plant, then you must follow all the tips described below.

How to care for spring and summer

In springtime, it is imperative to install trellises, later it is to them with the help of twine that the stems that have begun to bear fruit will be tied. Strong pillars are taken, not exceeding 200 cm in height, they should be dug in at the end and at the beginning of the row on both sides of the plants, and between the first and the last every 10 m. Between the installed pillars, stretch galvanized wire in 3 rows: 1st row - height from the soil surface 0.5-0.75 m, 2nd row - height 1.25 m, 3rd row - height 1.8 m. will bear fruit in the current season. Young stems do not need a garter, they only need to be guided, and then they themselves will cling to the wire. At the same time, remember that it is necessary to deal with the direction of the stems regularly, which will exclude their chaotic growth.

When growing upright varieties, it should be remembered that in the first year the fruits will not form on the bushes. To obtain fruits in the next season, it is necessary to pinch the main young stems, which reach a height of 1-1.2 m. For this, their tops should be shortened by 10 centimeters, after a while the lateral branches will begin to grow, they will need to be shortened a little, as only their height will be equal to half a meter. As a result, the bush will look compact and neat, and one should not be afraid that this will negatively affect the number of fruits.

Blackberry bushes planted in the current season need systematic watering in the first 6 weeks, and even during a prolonged drought. If the plants are fruiting, then special attention should be paid to watering them during active growth and ripening of fruits. It is strictly forbidden to take cold or well water for irrigation. For this purpose, tap or rain water is well suited, which must be collected in a barrel or other volumetric container. In the sun, such water should settle for 1-2 days.

In order for the harvest to be rich, it is imperative to monitor the condition of the soil. For the first 2 years, it is recommended to plant green manure (used as fertilizer) or row crops in the aisles of blackberries. However, all subsequent years, the aisles must be kept under black steam. Weeding is carried out as needed. Loosening of the soil between the rows is carried out 5 or 6 times a year to a depth of 10 to 12 centimeters. The soil around the plant should be loosened with a pitchfork or hoe to a depth of 5 to 8 centimeters 2 or 3 times during the growing season. To reduce the number of weeding and loosening, it is recommended to cover the site with a layer of mulch (sawdust, forest fallen leaves, straw or pine needles). If you cover the surface of the site with a layer of peat compost or rotted manure of medium thickness (5 centimeters), this will not only reduce the amount of loosening and weeding, but such mulch will also become a source of nutrients needed by the blackberry.

During the ripening of the fruits, the bushes will need shading from the scorching sunlight. The fact is that black berries scorched by the sun lose their presentation, and their quality also decreases. To protect blackberries from the sun, experienced gardeners are advised to stretch shading nets along the rows.

Blackberries, care, cultivation.

Blackberry feeding

Blackberries should be fed at the same time as other berry bushes. At the very beginning of the growing season, plants will need to be fed with organic matter with a high nitrogen content (4 kilograms per 1 square meter of the plot), as well as nitrogen-containing fertilizers (20 grams of urea or ammonium nitrate per 1 square meter). Potash fertilizers should be used those that do not include chlorine, for example, potassium sulfate (40 grams per 1 square meter), such fertilizing is carried out annually. In the event that you mulch the surface of the site with manure or other organic matter, then you do not need to feed the blackberries with phosphorus. If you do not use this kind of mulch, then you will need to add phosphates to the soil 1 time in 3 years (50 grams of substance per 1 square meter).

Blackberry propagation

Blackberries can be propagated in spring, winter and summer. For propagation of bush varieties, root offspring, dividing a bush or cuttings are used, and for creeping ones, horizontal or apical layers.

Reproduction by apical layers

The easiest way is to propagate blackberries with apical shoots. To do this, in the spring, you should choose a climbing stem, it is bent to the surface of the soil, while the top is buried in earth. In such a layer, roots appear in a relatively short period of time, and young shoots grow from the buds that are in the ground. When this happens, the shoot is separated from the parent bush.

Propagation by horizontal layers

To propagate blackberries with horizontal layers, you should bend the shoot to the soil surface and cover it with soil along its entire length. As a result, several bushes should grow. When this happens, the shoot between the newly grown bushes must be cut. Young plants can be transplanted into a permanent place immediately. This method is most effective in springtime.

Propagate by root suckers

If the plant is bush, then it is easiest to propagate it by root suckers, they grow every year around the bush. Experienced gardeners recommend separating and planting in a new place only those offspring whose height is at least 10 centimeters. In order for the offspring to have time to take root well before the onset of cold weather, their jigging should be done in May or June.

BLACKBERRY REPRODUCTION THE EASIEST AND 100% METHOD PART 1

Reproduction by dividing the bush

There are varieties of this culture that do not form root suckers. In this case, for their reproduction, the method of dividing the bush is used. The dug out bush should be divided into parts, while taking into account that each of the divisions should be well developed, and it should also be able to take root in a new place. The part of the plant that has an old rhizome must be disposed of.

If we are talking about valuable varieties of such a berry culture, then for their reproduction, as a rule, the cuttings method is used. Cuttings from the upper third of the shoot are cut in June or July. At the same time, each cutting should have a part of the shoot, a bud and a leaf plate. The lower cut should be treated with a preparation that promotes root formation. Then the cuttings are planted in small cups, which need to be filled with a substrate consisting of peat and vermiculite (perlite, crushed expanded clay or sand). The containers are removed under the film, while in an improvised greenhouse, air humidity should be maintained at 96 percent. After about 4 weeks, the cuttings should be rooted and transplanted to a permanent location.

There are other methods of propagation of blackberries, for example, by air layers, root cuttings, seeds and lignified cuttings. However, these breeding methods are not as effective as those described above, and they are also more difficult to perform.

Blackberries in autumn

In the fall, the plants should be prepared for the coming winter. To begin with, the bushes need to be cut off. Then the soil surface around the roots will need to be covered with a layer of mulch (dry sawdust or peat). For preventive purposes, the bushes must be sprayed with Aktellik (from pests) and copper sulfate (from diseases). In the event that it is colder than minus 10 degrees in your region in winter, then this berry culture will need shelter. If winter-hardy varieties are grown, then they will be able to withstand frost no more than minus 20 degrees without shelter. You can use several different methods to hide bushes for the winter. So, when the blackberry is cut, it should be removed from the trellis and placed on the soil surface. Then the shoots are covered with a layer of corn foliage from above and covered with a covering material, for example, plastic wrap.If an upright variety is grown, then it will be difficult to bend the branches of such a bush to the ground. In this regard, gardeners in August attach a load to the upper part of the shoots, as a result of this, the branches will gradually bend over to the surface of the soil themselves. The blackberry has one peculiarity, it does not lie under cover. In this regard, gardeners often use hay, sawdust, humus or straw as a shelter. It is not recommended to use leaves fallen from fruit trees as a shelter, because pathogenic microorganisms may be present on their surface. Also in the autumn, it is recommended to collect and destroy the foliage that has fallen from the blackberry bushes.

Blackberry pruning

Despite the fact that pruning blackberries is a rather laborious procedure, such a crop must be systematically pruned. Pruning blackberry bushes with pruning shears should be done in spring, summer and autumn. All blackberries are divided into creeping, also called dewberry, and upright-growing - kumanik. The shoot height of upright varieties can exceed 300 centimeters, and many replacement shoots grow in such plants. Fruiting of kumanik is observed, as in raspberries, on two-year-old shoots. Root shoots in most varieties of dewdrop are not formed, the shoots of such a plant are similar to loops, on which there are many fruit branches.

How to prune blackberries

In the spring, before the buds of the blackberry awaken, they prune it. So, you need to remove all injured and dried shoots, and also cut off the frost-damaged tops of the stems to the first healthy bud. The bushes of the first year of growth need double pruning. To do this, in order to stimulate the growth of lateral shoots, the upper parts of the branches are shortened by 5-7 centimeters in May. Then, in July, those lateral shoots are shortened by 7-10 centimeters, the length of which is more than 50 centimeters, in addition to this, only 6-8 of the most powerful ones must be left, and the remaining ones must be cut out. In addition to frost-damaged and injured branches, all weak shoots should be cut out in mature plants, while 4 to 10 of the most powerful branches should remain on the bush, it is also necessary to shorten the lateral branches by 0.2-0.4 m, so that they remain 8 to 12 kidneys. During the growing season, cut out all root shoots that have grown in the summer months. Only those root shoots that have grown in spring should remain, since they will bear fruit in the next growing season.

Shoots grown in spring in autumn must be cut at a height of 170-200 centimeters. Weak branches and all shoots of the second year of life that have finished bearing fruit must be cut at the root. The fact is that they will never bear fruit again, and blackberries will only waste their strength on them.

BLACKBERRY PRUNING IN AUTUMN. Growing blackberries.

Blackberry pests and diseases with photo

Blackberry diseases

Pests and diseases in raspberries and blackberries are the same. So, blackberries grown in mid-latitude gardens can suffer from tons of rust, powdery mildew, anthracnose, septoria or white spot, from didimella or purple spot, botrytis or gray rot, and also due to an excess or lack of nutrients in the soil. and also if you violate the rules of agricultural technology of a given culture.

Blackberry bushes can suffer from columnar or goblet rust. Columnar rust can get on this crop from pines or cedars that grow nearby, while its pathogens are carried by the wind. The pathogens of goblet rust can only appear in a garden located near a reservoir on the banks of which sedge grows. Only weakened blackberries are affected by rust. In infected specimens, in the first summer weeks, brownish-orange dots appear on the surface of the leaf plates, which eventually become pads, and they are located on the underside of the foliage. In the event that the disease is not fought, then about 60 percent of the crop will be destroyed by it. As a preventive measure, blackberries are sprayed on freshly blossomed foliage with a solution of Bordeaux liquid (1%). A similar treatment is repeated after the crop is harvested from the bushes. By the way, this remedy will help protect plants from many other diseases. Infected bushes should be sprayed with a sulfuric preparation, and for this they choose a warm day (the air temperature should be above 16 degrees). For example, you can use a sulfuric preparation such as a solution of colloidal sulfur, it will relieve not only of various fungal diseases, but also of ticks and aphids.

Anthracnose

The development of anthracnose is observed in the last days of May or the first days of June, but only if it is rainy, damp weather for a long time. In affected specimens, purple oval specks appear on newly grown young shoots. They increase in size over time and when they reach the tissues of the cortex, then gray ulcers with purple edges appear on it. On the surface of the leaf plates, specks are also formed with a pale red border. In winter, the death of the affected stems is observed. In order to prevent the purchased seedlings, they should be carefully examined. Blackberries also require systematic feeding with peat compost and timely weeding. For the prevention and treatment of such a disease, the same drugs are used as in the fight against rust.

Septoria

White spot (septoria) - this disease is very widespread. Infected bushes are affected by stems and foliage. Brownish spots form on them, which become lighter over time and acquire a dark border.

Purple spot

Didymella (purple spot) - this disease affects the buds of the plant, and also leads to drying and death of the leaf plates, in some cases the shoot dries up. At the very beginning, small specks of purple-brown color are formed on the middle and lower part of the infected specimen. As the disease develops, the kidneys become blackened, the leaf plates become fragile, and necrotic spots of a dark color with a yellow border appear on their surface.

Botrytis

Gray rot (botrytis) also prefers damp weather. In the affected specimen, the fruits rot. For prevention purposes, it is not recommended to grow blackberries in cramped conditions, they need good ventilation.

Powdery mildew

Most of all, blackberry bushes can suffer from spheroteka (powdery mildew). In an infected plant, the surface of foliage, berries and stems is covered with a loose bloom of white color.

To fight all these diseases should be the same drugs as in the fight against rust. It should also be remembered that a strong plant is very rarely affected by various diseases. Therefore, try to follow all the rules of agricultural technology of this crop and provide it with proper care.

In some cases, yellowing of blackberry bushes is observed. Most often this happens due to an overabundance or insufficient amount of trace elements. In this case, you need to adjust the fertilizing schedule, as well as analyze the composition of all fertilizers used.

Blackberry Dries vegetative shoots 11 06 2017

Blackberry pests

Blackberry bushes can accommodate: mites (spiderweb and hairy raspberry), raspberry kidney moth, raspberry-strawberry weevil, raspberry beetle, nutcracker, as well as aphids, gall midges and caterpillars of butterflies - fireflies, raspberry glass cases. To get rid of these pests, experts advise using Karbofos or Aktellik, you can also process with Akarin or Fitoverm. To protect the bramble from the attacks of various pests, in the spring before the buds open and in the autumn - after picking the berries, spraying should be done for prophylaxis, while using the same drugs (see above).

Blackberry varieties with photos and descriptions

Above, it was described what are the differences between creeping and upright varieties of blackberries. However, modern varieties cannot be subjected to strict classification, since blackberry varieties and hybrids in some cases successfully combine the characteristics of creeping varieties (called for convenience a dewberry) and the features of upright varieties (conventionally referred to as kumanika).

The best blackberry varieties:

  1. Agave... This American variety is one of the oldest, it is mid-season and has a very high resistance to frost. So, the fruit buds of a blackberry are injured only at a temperature of minus 27 degrees, while its root system and shoots are able to withstand a temperature drop to minus 40 degrees. Powerful faceted stems are strongly prickly, the weight of the fruit reaches 3 grams. This variety is high-yielding, with an average of 4 kilograms of berries harvested from 1 bush. These plants are resistant to stem cancer, rust and anthracnose.
  2. Thornfree... This thornless hybrid plant was born a relatively long time ago, but to this day a large number of gardeners are happy to grow it. This variety is early maturing, high-yielding, frost-resistant enough, unpretentious to growing conditions. This plant combines the properties of both dewweeds and kumaniks.
  3. Karaka Black... This variety appeared relatively recently, it is ultra early ripe, however, such a plant ends bearing fruit with the onset of frost. The shape of large fruits is elongated, their weight reaches 20-30 grams. The fruits have excellent taste, as well as high juiciness and sugar content. This variety is one of the most drought-resistant, it is not afraid of any diseases, there are a small number of thorns on well-bending shoots. However, it should be remembered that this variety has a low resistance to frost.
  4. Natchez... The variety is early maturing. The fruits are very large, they have a unique cherry flavor. There are no thorns on the shoots. This variety has appeared quite recently thanks to American breeders of the state of Arkansas.
  5. Polar... This Polish variety is highly frost-resistant and does not need to be covered for the winter. Compact bushes are quite fruitful. Large fruits have a pleasant sweet-sour taste.
  6. Waldo... This high-yielding frost-resistant variety was developed in England. The bushes are compact, miniature, they do not need a lot of space, and they practically do not need shaping pruning. The fruits begin to sing from the second half of July.
  7. Loch Tei... This variety is also bred in England. It is unpretentious to growing conditions. Small fruits have high palatability. On average, about 2 buckets of fruit are harvested from one bush.

Blackberry review of fruiting varieties 2016

Repaired blackberry varieties

The remontant varieties have appeared relatively recently; therefore, they are poorly studied. Their fruiting continues until the first frost. If you cut off all the stems from the bushes in late autumn, then the next year it will still be possible to harvest from them, the fact is that the fruits will grow on the shoots that have grown at the beginning of the spring period. The first harvest is harvested in June, and the fruits of the second harvest will begin to ripen in August. In some cases, continuous fruiting of such bushes is noted. The disadvantage of these varieties is that they are very sharp thorns. During flowering, such a blackberry looks very impressive, for example, the diameter of its flowers can reach from 7 to 8 centimeters. The most popular are the varieties of remontant blackberries belonging to the American hybrids of the Prime series:

  1. Prime Arc 45... This variety was born in 2009. Plant height is about 200 centimeters. A large number of thorns are located on the surface of powerful straight stems. The dense, elongated fruits are very sweet. The first berries grow in June. The second time the plant begins to bear fruit in August, and ends with the onset of the first frost.
  2. Prime Yang... This variety is the earliest of all remontant varieties. The stems are prickly erect. The sweet, elongated, medium-sized, dense fruits have the smell of apples.
  3. Prime Jim... The variety was born in 2004. Powerful straight stems are prickly. Large sweet-sour fruits are elongated. The flowering plant, covered with light pink buds and large white flowers, looks very impressive.

Blackberry properties: harm and benefit

Useful properties of blackberries

Blackberry fruits contain a large amount of vitamins, namely: carotene (provitamin A), vitamins C, E, P and K. They also contain minerals: sodium, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, copper, iron, chromium, molybdenum, barium, vanadium and nickel. And they also contain a large amount of glucose, fiber, fructose, pectins, and such organic acids as: tartaric, citric, malic and salicylic acids. Such fruits help to improve metabolic processes in the body and strengthen the immune system, they have an antioxidant and antipyretic effect. Blackberries are considered a natural substitute for aspirin, but unlike a drug, fruits not only do no harm to the body, but also heal it. Such a berry is recommended for use by people suffering from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, since it has a beneficial effect on the work of the digestive system. Also, blackberries have long and rather successfully been used in the treatment and prevention of diabetes mellitus and urolithiasis. The juice squeezed out of young foliage and fruits of blackberries is used for tracheitis, bronchitis, pharyngitis, sore throat, fever, gynecological diseases, dysentery and colitis. This juice is also used externally for the treatment of dermatoses, eczema, wounds, trophic ulcers and gum disease.

For medicinal purposes, both berries and other parts of the plant are used. For example, leaf plates contain a large amount of vitamin C, tannins and amino acids. In this regard, they differ in astringent, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, wound healing, diaphoretic and blood-purifying effect. An infusion of the foliage of this plant is taken for nervous disorders and heart disease. Tea and a decoction from the foliage are used for anemia, and also as a tonic and sedative for climacteric neurosis. A decoction of the foliage is used for gastritis. Fresh foliage is used in the treatment of lichens and chronic ulcers on the lower extremities.

The roots of such a culture are used to prepare a diuretic for dropsy. And the tincture made from them is used for bleeding and to improve digestion.

Contraindications

Blackberries have no contraindications. However, in rare cases, a person may experience individual intolerance, expressed in allergic reactions. Signs of this intolerance may appear after a few minutes or days after eating blackberries. Symptoms are as follows: diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and mucosal edema.

Blackberry. Useful properties and contraindications.


Garden Yucca - planting and care, photos of species and varieties with a description

The ornamental evergreen yucca is gaining more and more popularity. Due to its growth characteristics and ease of cultivation, it is one of the most frequently chosen plants with an architectural effect. It is resistant to low temperatures, drought, has gorgeous, phenomenal flowers and is easy to grow with just a little information. This article describes in detail the garden yucca plant - planting and care, photos of species and varieties, how to care for this beautiful evergreen perennial so that it decorates the garden for a long time.

  1. Description of the plant
  2. Types and varieties
  3. Landing, transplanting
  4. Position and requirements for soil
  5. Reproduction by dividing the bush, transplant
  6. Sowing with seeds
  7. Growing and care
  8. Watering
  9. Fertilizer
  10. Removal of faded inflorescences, pruning
  11. Wintering
  12. Why isn't yucca blooming?
  13. Pests and diseases
  14. Application in the garden

What is ezhemalina

Most often, the hybrid is described by comparison with raspberries. Ezhemalin tastes like both berries, but, regardless of the variety, it is always sour. Some gardeners don't like this, but other benefits make up for this quality.

  1. First, ezhemalina is much larger than regular raspberries.
  2. Secondly, the bushes delight gardeners with excellent harvests, abundant and generous.
  3. Thirdly, the plant does not require special care. Compared to raspberries, less effort and time is spent on growing a hybrid.

Ezhemalina is also called the logan berry. It comes from America, namely from the California city of Santa Cruz. In the garden of one judge, whose last name was just Logan, two long-known and popular berries, raspberries and blackberries, were accidentally crossed. This is how the ezhemalina or logan berry appeared, as our famous scientist Michurin called it.


Landing

Heliotrope should be planted in a suitable location on fertile, well-drained soil.

Choosing a landing site

Heliotrope loves the sun, needs a warm, sheltered place on the balcony or terrace. Although it grows in partial shade, it does not develop as well as in the sun. The optimal position should provide 6 hours of sunshine, but not midday sun. During the day, heliotropes feel better in the area of ​​partial shade. However, many gardeners manage to grow these fragrant perennials in full sun.

The plant, in addition to the sunny position, must have an appropriate level of humidity, in the southern flowerbed, balcony, it can wither, so it should be watered regularly.

The fragrant heliotrope has a compact, erect bush and reaches a height of 20-60 cm.

Soil requirements

Soil is suitable as a soil for heliotrope:

  • fresh
  • loose
  • well drained
  • fairly fertile, preferably with plenty of compost
  • the reaction is close to neutral (pH 6.5-7).

It grows best in a mixture of compost soil, leaf soil, sand and peat mixed in a 3: 1: 1: 1 ratio.

Landing

Growing in soil requires preparing the substrate in a sunny location. The site must be thoroughly cleaned of stones, debris, weeds. Then it is fertilized with rotted compost. If the soil in the flowerbed is heavy, clayey, it is worth mixing it, in addition to compost, with sand. It is not recommended to plant heliotropes in clay soil. The reaction of the soil in the flower bed should be close to neutral - pH: 6.6-7.3.

Seedling heliotrope

It is recommended to pour drainage into the holes for planting.

Seedlings are planted in the ground after frost - in May. After planting, it is worth mulching the substrate.

Planting interval: 20 x 25 or 30 x 30 cm depending on the size of the plant (variety).


Compatibility of blackberries on the site with other horticultural crops

Since blackberry is a nitrogen fixer, i.e. enriches the soil with oxygen, then the ideal neighborhood for it is apple trees. This symbiosis is also valuable because there is a mutual protection against diseases.

It is undesirable to plant blackberries next to strawberries and strawberries, this can lead to the reproduction of a common pest, a weevil.

Garden blackberry is an excellent unpretentious plant that can be grown both in the southern and middle and northern regions. Blackberries are rich in vitamins and microelements; you can make a wide variety of preparations from them.


Watch the video: BlackBerry KEYone in 2021: Its Been 84 Years..